Sunday, September 14, 2014

Say Bye to Petrol & Diesel

Sheikh Zaki Yamani the famous Saudi Arabian oil minister of the 1970s once said that the stone age came to an end not for a lack of stones but because the human race moved on. Similarly the oil industry will come to an end not for a lack of oil but because the human race would have moved on.

About 10 days ago a tectonic movement of sorts hit the world automotive industry. This is a game changer. A paradigm shift and a bold (and very expensive) breakthrough by the Toyota Motor Company of Japan. 

They have introduced a production model car that runs on the hydrogen fuel cell. These cars will not need petrol or diesel anymore.

Before we talk more - just a little bit on the hydrogen fuel cell.

"A fuel cell is a device that converts the chemical energy from a fuel into electricity through a chemical reaction with oxygen or another oxidizing agent. Hydrogen is the most common fuel. Fuel cells are different from batteries in that they require a constant source of fuel and oxygen/air to sustain the chemical reaction; however, fuel cells can produce electricity continually for as long as these inputs are supplied"
Above : Block diagram of a simple hydrogen fuel cell.

Below : A schematic for a hydrogen fuel cell vehicle

The hydrogen fuel cell engine does not use fuel oil at all. It uses hydrogen and oxygen both of which can be extracted from the air or through electrolysis of water (H2O). And here is the most interesting part - the hydrogen fuel cell has zero exhaust gases. The byproduct is water (H2O).

Ok I am keeping this really short. Here is Toyota :

·        reduced cost of fuel cell cars significantly
·        several advances in hydrogen fuel cells make themcheaper
    • company to sell a car in 2015 — years before its competitors.
    • $50,000 and $100,000 - a big improvement over million-dollar vehicles
    • Toyota will display concept car this month at the Tokyo Motor Show.
·        Toyota fuel-cell system smaller and uses less platinum
    • fuel cell produces electricity, fed by a tank of hydrogen, platinum catalyst
·        water vapor comes out
·        hydrogen tank can be refilled like a conventional gas tank
    • General Motors plan fuel-cell vehicles around 2020.                                         
    • The key number is the US$50,000 - US$100,000 price tag. This is the game changer. Prior to this, hydrogen fuel cell prototypes cost anything from US$1.0 million and more. The savings that have been achieved by Toyota now has increased the efficiency by a factor of 10 to 20 times. US$50,000 is a very affordable number cost of making a hydrogen fuel cell-powered car has fallen dramatically.                               
    • vehicle that cost $1 million now made for $50,000 goes on sale in U.S. in 2015.
    • Toyota testing 100 fuel cell vehicles based on Highlander platform
    • next generation will be shaped more like the Prius and will be for actual sale.
Now General Motors, Hyundai, Nissan and a host of other car makers have also announced their own hydrogen fuel cell vehicle programs. This is because if they do not innovate they will die.

Here is some history behind Toyota';s hydrogen fuel cell vehicle.

Four years ago in 2009, Toyota came to a cross roads of sorts after they had spent billions of US Dollars trying to develop the fuel cell vehicle. It has been a long process, hard work, billions of dollars and really capable research and development efforts. By 2009 Toyota had made major breakthroughs and they decided to press on with developing the fuel cell vehicle.

Here are some of Toyota';s major technology breakthroughs :
·       significantly decreased amount of platinum needed in fuel cells
·       comparable to what cars have in catalytic converters
·       reduced platinum by making catalyst more effective
·       developing precise equipment for applying catalyst to ensure none wasted
·       requires fewer fuel cells to be stacked together
·       improving design of fuel cell.
·       engineers modified membrane to allow protons to pass more freely
·       increases amount of power that each fuel cell can generate
So in 2009 Toyota shareholders made a decision to continue spending money to develop the hydrogen fuel cell car. Here is some Toyota news from 2009 :
·           Toyota Still Committed to Producing a Hydrogen Vehicle - 24/06/09
·           At shareholders'; meeting in Japan, executives stated commitment to bringing a hydrogen fuel cell vehicle to market in the near future. 
·           revised their timeline, pushing production back a year to 2015.
·           awfully soon but maybe Toyota knows something we don';t
So it has taken them many years, perseverance, tons of money, great will power and technical capability to achieve this ground breaking technology. This is now history. Toyota is bringing out their hydrogen fuel cell vehicle in 2014/2015. They are quite on track.

A hydrogen fuel cell vehicle will be more fuel efficient than a petrol driven car. A "litre" of hydrogen (or natural gas) should be a lot less cheaper than a litre of petrol. Plus it has 100% non exhaust gases (other than water). Since 40% of the world';s oil consumption goes into transportation (cars, ships, trains, planes) this hydrogen fuel cell technology will have a significant effect on oil consumption and automotive technology.

The stone age is coming to an end again - in the rest of the world.

By the way if hydrogen fuel cells take off (and they will) here is what is going to happen in the Middle East :

 Received above information through kind courtesy of Dewan Satish

Thursday, September 4, 2014


01 Sep 2014

Sh. Narendra Modi
Prime Minister of India
Prime Minister’s Office (PMO)
New Delhi -110001


Dear Prime Minister,

This is in continuation of Indian Ex-Servicemen Movement (IESM) letter dated 14 Aug 2014 and 22 Aug 2014.  This is the third letter, I am writing to you on behalf of the Ex-Servicemen and Defence family pensioners Fraternity to request you to fulfil your assurances given to them during your Election Rallies which were also reflected in the BJP Manifesto. 

Mr. Prime Minister one of our Ex-Servicemen Maj Gen  K M Bhimaya (Retd) visited Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library at Springfield Illinois and came across a priceless peace of tribute to the US Army Veterans by the Decatur Review (May 31, 1893).  I would like to share with you the excerpts from the above piece which the General has shared with us.  After reading the piece. I am sure you will  feel  deep inside, the obligation of the Nation towards its Martyrs and Living soldiers  both serving and retired and their members of families :-

“Every soldier who placed himself on the deadly altar is as deserving of credit as if he had died there. The truest way to honor the dead is to rightly appreciate the living. The returned veteran who is healthy and beyond need and to whom the nation is largely indebted does not ask charity at the hands of the government he served, but it is not too much to ask that the pension laws shall be so perfected and so administered that none of our worthy comrades and their families shall be left to suffer for the comforts of life.”

Sir, we were very sure that you at the helm of affairs of the Govt will undo the injustice done to the Defence Forces by successive Govts for the past 67 years.  Our status and inter-se-equations with other Central Services have been systematically downgraded since 26 Jan 1950.  One Rank One Pension as per the accepted definitions ie “Pensions as on 01.04.2014 of defence personnel will be paid to all past pensioners with same rank and same years of service and the future enhancements in the rates of pensions will also be passed on to the past pensioners” as assured by you starting with Rewari Rally, has not been implemented even six months after its sanction.  The Defence Fraternity is rather surprised to know that the bureaucrats have as “Red Herring” brought in the hurdle of Finances and are trying to create confusion by giving a twist to the very definition of OROP.  At the time of giving approval to the concept of OROP and issuing executive orders for the same, it was clearly mentioned that funds required for the same will be made available.  Then, sir, why, the Draft Govt Letter (DGL) prepared by the Service HQs which has been correctly prepared as per the Govt executive orders has, not yet been issued?

May we request you to kindly issue instructions to implement the One Rank One Pension (OROP) exactly as per the approved definition the earliest please? What we understand from your policies and manifesto that your Government will ensure stronger military and would raise the morale of Armed Forces Personnel by respecting them and giving them their dues. Sir, Armed Forces personnel look up to the veterans as their future life and see them as their guide and philosopher. Wellbeing of Ex-servicemen will raise morale of serving soldiers many notches high. 

Any further delay, will cause disillusionment amongst the Ex-Servicemen towards the BJP and its Govt.

With regards,

Maj Gen (Retd) Satbir Singh, SM
Chairman IESM

Copy to

General Dalbir Singh,                  
Chief of the Army Staff 

For Info pl.
Air Chief Marshal Arup Raha,            Chief of the Air Staff 
& Chairman, Chiefs of Staffs Committee (CoSC), 
Admiral R K Dhowan,                     Chief of the Naval Staff                                                                        


Thursday, August 28, 2014

A saga of unparalleled bravery. - Original source/link unavailable:

On June 2, 1999, General V. P. Malik, the then army chief held a " Sainik Darbar" at Gumari in the Drass sector after three failed attempts to recapture Tololing Hill, which stands at 15,000 feet. Fifty- nine Indian soldiers from different regiments had already died, following which Gen Malik summoned the commanders of the 2 Rajputana Rifles to present their plans.
The Army chief was just not convinced by their plans when a 30-year- old commando from the last row got up, summoned all the courage that an Army Naik would need to speak to the general, and said: "I am Naik Digendra Kumar known as Cobra, the best commando of the Indian Army. Sir, I have a plan that guarantees our victory." "Explain," said the General. "Sir, the hill is straight," Digendra offered. "We will take the same route as the enemy." A surprised General Malik countered saying death is certain on this route. Digendra wouldn"t back off. "Death is unavoidable otherwise too. Leave this to me.
Give me the tools, and I shall win the battle. "He got what he wanted"
1. 100 metres of Russian rope that can bear up to 10 tons of weight,
2. Russian nails that can easily be put into rocks, and
3. high-powered injections to get rid of fatigue.
The story of Digendra, who was later promoted to havaldar and received the Mahavir Chakra for his valour, is a tale of real and unparalleled courage.
For two days starting June 8, Digendra and his colleagues recced the area before putting rope all over, a task that took 14 hours. On June 12, Digendra and nine fellow commandos began the mission to free Tololing. He was carrying an AK-47 rifle with 360 bullets, 18 hand grenades, one pistol and a commando dagger dipped in cyanide. Each of them was assigned to blast one bunker each of the 11 that the Pakistani army had built. "I assigned myself the first and the last bunkers," says Digendra.
The group began to climb the hill in the dead of night. "It was pitch- dark," Digendra remembers. "At one point, I thought I touched a stone. It wasn"t; it was actually the barrel of an enemy machine gun. I pulled it, and threw a grenade in the bunker. It caught fire. We knew that the Pakistanis would retaliate. And they did.
Around 250 soldiers and artillery tanks began firing upon us." Digendra and his team were unable to move due to the intense firing. "I asked that cannons be made to fire a metre above by changing the angle. "It worked and the team moved under the raining bullets.
As they were moving ahead, Digendra was hit by three bullets in the chest, one in the left thumb and another in the lower waist. Four of his colleagues died. Soon, the Pakistanis overwhelmed Digendra’s team with sheer numbers, and all nine died.
Before they died, they handed over their guns and grenades to Digendra who threw 18 grenades in all the 11 bunkers. All of a sudden Major Anwar Khan appeared to confront him. Digendra targeted his gun. "He jumped on me”.
I lost my gun. So, I grabbed him with his hair and beheaded him with my dagger." He was soon able to take the hill and place the Indian flag on top. By then, he was unconscious. He woke up in a military hospital. He was officially a disabled soldier after receiving five bullets.

Perhaps the only live soldier to receive the Mahavir Chakra in the Kargil War, Digendra received his medal on January 26, 2000.

Beware netas, 'Bigg Boss' Modi is watching

by  Rajeev Sharma

Call it Gestapo or the prying big brother; call it whatever you will. But the fact is that Prime Minister Narendra Modi is walking his talk on a crusade against corruption, which he publicly reiterated in his Kargil rally on 12 August when he said: 'na khaoonga, na khane doonga (won't take bribe, won't let others take)'.

He has already unleashed the cat among the pigeons, so to say, by making it clear to all his ministers, bureaucrats and government servants alike that his supreme template of governance is zero tolerance on corruption.

Here is a pithy compendium of Modi’s latest diktats and moves, most of which you would perhaps be getting to know for the first time.

* CCTVs in Ministries

The Modi government has embarked upon a never-before move of installing closed circuit televisions (CCTVs) in major central ministries. The first in the line is the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, the cash-rich ministry where deals, orders and contracts worth billions are commonplace.

The proposal to install CCTVs in the petroleum ministry’s headquarters in New Delhi’s Shastri Bhavan has just been cleared and it will be a matter of days or weeks until all the CCTVs are in place. And this is an informal pilot project. More ministries will have such CCTVs in future. The Defence ministry should also be in this list.

* Ministries to Make Cabinet Notes Under PMO Directions

Another unprecedented decision that the Modi government is quietly pushing is that the union ministries will no longer prepare cabinet notes about their future plans on their own. Rather, under the new scheme of things, the ministries will be required to consult the Prime Minister’s Office and wait for PMO instructions for drafting cabinet notes about their functioning and future plans. Thus far, the ministries have been routinely preparing cabinet notes for consideration by the union cabinet. Henceforth, the ministries will be divested on this privilege and micro-managed by the PMO, even on the issue of preparation of cabinet notes.

* DAVP’s Advertisements to Newspapers in Last Ten Years Under Scanner

The Information and Broadcasting ministry’s Directorate of Advertising and Visual Publicity (DAVP) has also come under the PMO’s scrutiny. The DAVP has been told to submit to the PMO, all information and data about the advertisements it has given to media outfits in the past ten years. The PMO wants to know how much government money was pumped into which media outfits in the past decade (read the UPA tenure).

The idea is to regulate the pumping of government money in media outfits by way of advertisements which has kept these entities financially afloat. This is bad news for media outfits, including several major mainline newspapers, which have survived mainly on account of government doles in the form of advertisements. At least two major English dailies would be directly affected and may face closure if government advertisements were to dry up for these. One of the affected newspapers is a prominent English daily which has been pro-BJP in its editorial orientation and patronized by a tall leader of the BJP who is no longer in Modi’s scheme of things.

* Ministers Are Constantly Under Watch

Union ministers are constantly under the watch of PM Modi. 
More importantly, they have been given rude jolts from time to time to remind them that they are under watch.

Consider these two examples.

One minister was breaking bread in a five star hotel in New Delhi with a top industrial magnate who is known to be very close to PM Modi. During the course of his meal, the minister gets a call from the PM himself, inquiring whether the meal was over. It was a brief call and no directions were issued But the message was driven home and the minister quickly wrapped up his meeting and headed back to office.

Another minister was happily going to the Indira Gandhi International airport for his maiden foreign trip a couple of months ago, dressed in jeans. He had barely driven for about a kilometer and a half when he got a call on his mobile from the PM himself. The PM casually inquired where he was headed to and the minister gently reminded him about his foreign trip which had been duly cleared by the government. But he was flabbergasted when Modi chided him for wearing jeans and told him that as a public servant he would be under people’s gaze in India as well as abroad and may be criticized for his choice. As the line went dead, the befuddled minister ordered his driver to take the car back to his residence where he quickly changed into the traditional kurta-pyjama and proceeded with his foreign trip.

In fact, such is the mortal fear of PM Modi that ministers and top bureaucrats have stopped using their personal mobile phones for their very private conversations. Instead, they have started using the phones of their drivers and aides for such conversations as these phones are ‘safe’.


Thursday, August 21, 2014

A Letter to PM Shri Narendra Modi from Chairman IESM for Implementation of OROP

Sh Narendra Modi
Prime Minister of India
Prime Minister’s Office (PMO)
New Delhi – 110 001

Dear Prime Minister,

1.      We draw your attention to your statement at Leh on 12 Aug 2014 regarding OROP. You have said that the budget caters for the demand of OROP. Sir, this is erroneous as the Draft Govt Letter (DGL) prepared by Service HQs in continuation of the meetings in Feb and March, foresee requirement of Rs 5000 crore while the budget caters to only 1500 crore, and hence the DGL is being blocked to bring in line with the limited budget.

2.     It has been six months since the OROP was approved. In a meeting chaired by the then RM Mr. AK Antony on 26 Feb 2014,the approved definition with its implication was directed to be implemented with effect from 01 Apr 2014 ( copy of the letter enclosed) However, the Govt letter has not seen the light of  the day till date.

3.  (a)  The OROP as approved,implies that uniform pension be paid to the Armed Forces personnel retiring in the same rank with the same length of service irrespective of their date of  retirement and any future enhancement in the rates of pension to be automatically    passed on to the past pensioners. This implies bridging the gap between the rate of pension of the current pensioners and the past pensioners, and also future enhancements in the rate of pension to be automatically passed on to the past pensioners.

    (b) It further implies that Pensions of past defence retirees will be equal to that of a person with same rank and length of service retiring wef 01 Apr 2014, future enhancement in the rates of pensions will be automatically passed to the past pensioners.
4.     The service HQs have prepared the Draft Govt Letter (DGL) which is in sync with the above definition. The same needs to be approved and Govt letter issued at the earliest please. You had personally assured the defence personnel that actual OROP will be implemented.

5.     The Defence personnel are eagerly waiting for their long pending demand to be implemented for which they had believed in the assurance given by the BJP before the LS elections.The same was included in its manifesto and the President in his address to both houses of Parliament also mentioned that the  OROP will be implemented .

6.     The undue long delay in the implementation of the main demand of OROP is causing serious concern to the defence personnel who are feeling dejected with the apathy of your Govt like all previous Governments.

7.     We know you to be a man of honour, integrity and one who keeps his word. The Veterans, who have given their prime to the nation, expect you to honour your word given to the Armed Forces on various occasions. I am sure you do know that "Justice delayed is Justice denied.

8.     May we request you to kindly issue directions to the MoD for immediate implementation of OROP strictly as per its approved definition as above. Any dilution of the definition or implication of OROP as approved will not be acceptable to the Defence Fraternity
With regards,
Maj Gen (Retd) Satbir Singh, SM
Chairman IESM

Thursday, August 14, 2014

Effects of MoD letters dated 27 Dec 12 and 24 Jul 14 - A refresher From RDOA's blog

Being Informed is the Best Weapon

This is from RDOA – Retired Defence Services Officers Association who’s fighting this as Lt Col (retd) N.K. Nair & Ors Vs UoI & Ors

The truth needs to be known to all as to how the Armed Forces officers were cheated by MoD’s (which includes CGDA, PCDA(O) acts of commission/omission which resulted in down gradation of the Armed Forces cadre and lower pay and allowances. The revelations will be in two/three parts in Q/A form.
Q:        Did you get rank pay at IV & V CPC in real terms?
A:        NO. What appears as ‘rank pay’ is notional even after the partial implementation of SC order by UOI/MoD.

Q         What has PCDA (O) paid now after the SC judgment? (also add NPO and AFCAO)
A.        PCDA (O) Pune has only paid the difference of total emoluments which you were paid (drawn) and what you should have got (Due) without deduction of rank pay. By so doing it has also violated the instructions of MoD which said that the minimum initial pay for each rank be re-fixed without deduction of rank pay in terms of impugned para 6(a)(ii) of SAI of 1987 as per MoD’s own letter of 27 Dec 2012.

Q.        For a moment let us presume that if no rank pay was granted what would then be the scales of officers when migrating from III CPC to IV CPC equivalent to civilian scales?
A:        The equivalent civilian scales would have been:

Capt Rs 3000-100-3600;
Major Rs 4100-125-4850-150-5300;
Lt Col Rs 4800-150-5700,
Col Rs 5100-150-5700;
Brig Rs 5900-200-6700.

Rank pay would then have been over and above the revised scales at the recommended scales of IV CPC.

The edge given to armed forces officers in their pay scales as compared to civilian officers was due to ‘Special Disturbance Allowance’ which existed before III CPC and continued thereafter.

Q         How the scales were manipulated to form integrated scale of Rs 2300-100-3900-150-4200-EB—150-5100?
A         Documentary evidence exists with RDOA that:

In the integrated pay scales for each rank there was a minimum pay fixed for separate ranks. This minimum was arrived at after deduction of rank pay. So then we have as per impugned para 6 (a) (ii) of SAI of 1987 the minimum for each rank as:

Capt Rs 3000 (2800 + RP 200);  
Major Rs 4000(3400 + RP 600);
Lt Col Rs 4700 (3900 + RP 800); 

Col Rs 5500 (4500 + RP 1000);
Brig Rs 6150 (4950 + RP 1200)
So in real terms you never got rank pay.
Your scale was divided into two components of basic pay plus rank pay. As per para 8.65 of IV CPC Report Civilians who were in Senior Adm Grade II & I (SAG) at 3 CPC were upgraded and given the scale of Rs 5900-200-6700; but this was not extended to the Armed Forces. So Col and Brig got clubbed in the same scale of SAG II. Had that been given then Brig would have started at Rs 5900-200-6700. These depressed scales by an amount equal to rank pay got carried fwd to V CPC and then on to VI CPC reducing the pay scales and status of AF officers vis-à-vis civilian counterparts.
The entire integrated scale was compressed for officers from Capt to Brig in the equivalent civil scale of JTS starting with Rs 3000-100-3500-125-5000 which was improved by the Pay commission to Rs 5100 with rank pay to be paid in addition at the recommended rates.

Q         What then should be the correct integrated scale from the rank of Capt to Brig?
A         The integrated scale after re-fixation of initial pay in terms of impugned para 6(a)(ii) would also get modified to the extent of adding Rs 200 at start of scale of Capt and Rs 1200 at top of integrated scale equivalent to the deducted rank pay as given:
Existing:         Rs 2300-100-3900-150-4200 EB-150-5100
Revised:        Rs 2300-100-3900-150-5850-200-6300
Q         What the SC order says?
A         The Hon’ble Supreme Court in its order of 04 Sept 2012 corrected this grave anomaly. The judgment very clearly stipulated that the pay of all officers be re-fixed from 01/01/86 without deduction of rank pay.
So where ever deduction of rank pay is involved it has to be restored.

PCDA (O) has only calculated the total emoluments without deduction of rank pay but has left out the re-fixation in terms of impugned para 6 (a) (ii) which is affecting all officers whether pre 86/as on 1/1/86 or promoted after 1/1/86 and then on to V & VI CPC.

Q         What should be the correct re-fixation without deduction of rank pay?
A         To take an example, for the Major and Major (SG) that existed before IV CPC, the nearest civil equivalents were the Comdt and Comdt (SG) of the CG/BSF etc, though the CG being relatively new did not have Comdt (SG) at the time. 

The Civil Services also had JAG (Dy Secy) and JAG (SG) /Director. But JAG (9 yrs) did not correspond with Maj/Comdt (11 yrs) but all SG levels became the same when the CPC instituted uniform progression to SG level at 14 years.

The post IV CPC scales of Comdt and Comdt (SG) started at Rs 4100 and Rs 4500 respectively. This is where the Maj/Maj (SG) would have started if we had not gone into the convulsions of integrated scale, RP etc.
 Now the CDA calculation says minimum for Major (11 yrs) is Rs 3600, less than the start of JAG/Dy Secy (3700) at 9 yrs. It cannot by any stretch be less than Rs 3700/- plus two increments.
The V CPC Anomalies reports (High Level Committee and Group of Officers) had also already accepted and implemented Rs 14300/- min (replacement of the IV CPC Rs 4500/-) for Major at 14 years and now they are saying Rs 13500/- for Lt Col instead of a few increments over Rs 14300/-.

 After due modification in terms of para 6(a)(ii), the revised initial fixation of pay in the integrated scale for officers from the rank of Captain to Brig & equivalent would be as shown.

Reckonable yrs of service for pay
Existing Initial Pay as per SAI of 87
Revised Initial Pay w/o deduction of rank pay
Rank pay
Total pay
(Rs Pm)
Lt Colonel

Once the minimum basic pay changes, the pension of all pre 1986 officers as well as those who got promoted after 1/1/86 would also change.

The Truth and Deceit: IV CPC Rank Pay Case: Part II

From the above it is crystal clear that the rank pay was deducted twice - First at the time of fixing the minimum initial pay for each rank from Capt to Brig in terms of para 6 (a) (ii) of SAI of 1987, and again at the time for calculation of emoluments which has been partially corrected now after the SC order because in most cases even the 20% fitment weightage has been denied. 

The increased minimum initial pay at IV CPC will have a cascading effect on the pay scales at the V CPC as the integrated scale was replaced by individual rank based pay scales. Rank pay was also deducted at the time of pay fixation of V CPC both at the time of deciding on the rank based pay scales as well as at the time of fixation. The existing pay scales of V CPC are depressed scales based on the lowered minimum for each rank at IV CPC which needs to be corrected. Accordingly the new scales would be as given
Rank/Pay Scale
Existing as per SAI 1997 at V CPC
Revised scales w/o deduction of rank pay at V CPC
9600-300-11400 +RP 400
10000-300-11800+ RP 400
12800-325-16050 + RP 1200*
Lt Col
13500-400-17100+RP 1600
15100-450-17350+RP 2000
17100-400-19350+RP 2000
16700-450-18050+RP 2400
19100-450-20450+RP 2400

* Note:  The corresponding Civil scale of Major of Rs 4100/4500, were rationalized and merged and given as Rs 14300-400-18300. Here again the Majors were given a raw deal.

Once this is implemented, then for VI CPC, the minimum of pay in the pay band and grade pay will correspondingly increase.


Existing /
Revised Scales

Pay in the pay band

9600+400 RP
Lt Colonel
Q         Was rank pay as admissible to Lt Col paid to Lt Col (TS)?
 A        No, neither at IV CPC nor at V CPC.

 Q        What is the definition of rank pay?
 A        Rank pay as defined by the IV CPC states’ Rank pay is admissible to an officer appropriate to the rank actually held, either in acting or substantive capacity, in addition to the pay in the revised scale. It is also stated therein that rank pay forms part of basic pay. It has been further clarified by MoD vide their letter of 29 Feb 2000 that, It is that element of their pay which is identified with their rank, which in turn has a relationship with their scale of pay. It will consequently be taken into account for determining their entitlement to such of those financial benefits/concessions etc including retirement benefits, as are directly related to the basic pay or their pay scales.

 The Army/Navy/Air Force instructions would be amended accordingly. These never got amended and the denial continued.

 Q        What does DSR say on substantive pay?
  A       Changes in DSR 1962 Edition vs 1987 Edition

             Para 65 of 1962 edition
            “Substantive promotion to the rank of Lt Colonel of officers not promoted by selection under para 66 below, against the authorized establishment of Lt Cols, may be made, subject to their being considered fit in all  respects by time –scale, on completion of 24 years reckonable commissioned service provided they  have not attained the age of  compulsory retirement. Officer so promoted will not be reckoned, against the authorised establishment of Lt Cols, but will be held in the separate ‘non-selection’ list, except that an officer selected to act as a Lt Col before completing 24 years service and made substantive under this rule on completing 24 years’ reckonable service will be held against an authorized Lt Col appointment”.         

           Para  66(i) of 1987 edition
           “Substantive promotion to the rank of Lt Col of officers not promoted by selection against the authorized establishment of Lt Cols, may be made, subject to their being considered fit in all  respects, by time scale, on completion of 21 years reckonable commissioned service but not more than 26 years reckonable commissioned service provided they  have not become due for retirement on the basis of the age of superannuation prescribed for the rank time scale of Lt Col. Officers so promoted will not  be reckoned, against the authorized establishment of Lt Cols, but will be held in the separate ‘non-selection’ list.  The number of officers held on the ‘non selection’ list  and  will count against the authorized
establishment of officers in the rank of Major”. 

DSR 1987 Regulation has equated time scale Lt Col, even if substantive after 24 years of service, equivalent to Major. This equation was not laid in paragraph 65 of Regulation 1962. This has caused financial loss to the non-selection list of officers. It should be noted that Time scale Lt Col were given the pay scale of Lt Col on completion of 21 yrs of service by the V CPC. Such officers were promoted to the rank of Col with implementation of A V Singh committee recommendations and are drawing pay and grade pay of Col after 6 CPC.

Regulation for Army is a administrative document and is not required to include any instructions concerning financial implications. That being so, Regulation of 1962 edition did not include any financial clause in this       administrative document, whereas 1987 Regulation did include       financial clause under para 66 (i) by incorporating amendment like “non-selection officers will count against officers in the rank of Major.”
Perhaps the ‘Rank pay’ factor was not catered for, but the definition of rank pay is very clear and needs to be implemented now both at IV as well as V CPC. This has concurrence of the MoF as per letter of 29 Feb 2000. It will restore pay and pension denied since 1986 to date.

The DGL as submitted by the Service HQ’s to MoD is the ‘Apt’ Document fully implementing the directive of the apex court incorporating all the judgment clauses. It needs to be perused by the Services to ensure that the ends of justice are fully met. It has all the tables which are exhaustive for each rank from Capt to Brig till 6 CPC corrections. Extract of that has been given in Part II. This was obtained through RTI. To that end the Do Letter by COSC to MoD holds good and has been put on this blog earlier.

Pension for Pre 1986 retirees

The pre 1986 retiree officers have been given notional rank pay with minimum for each rank as revealed in their PPO .e.g. Major given pension of Rs 3400 + RP 600 and Lt Col given Rs 3900 + RP 800 etc.

Q         How is their pension set to change?
A         Once the minimum for each rank as given in para 6 (a)(ii) is changed which has been reflected in Part I the pension will change accordingly as the minimum will go up. This will also change at V CPC and then to minimum of pay in pay band at 6 CPC which is given in the table that follows.

Revised Pension for Pre 2006 Retirees

The pension being given to pre 2006 retires (officers) is based on 50% of sum of minimum of pay band plus grade pay plus Military Service Pay i.e.  (Rs 37400+8000+6000) = Rs 25700 in case of Lt Col. As per Committee of Secy’s Report formulated by the Prime Minister to go into the pay and pension anomalies of Ex Servicemen; the pension would be based on 50% of the minimum of the pay in the pay band as per rank held on 1/1/2006 plus grade pay plus MSP. For example for Lt Col the revised pension would be 50% of (Rs 42120+8700+6000) = Rs 28410. Diff (28410-25700=2710) and 72 % DA thereon wef 01 July 2012. A table showing the revised pension is given from the rank of Capt to Brig.

Existing Pension as on 1/1/2006
Revised Pension as on 1/1/2006
Diff in

50% of Min of pay band +GP+MSP
50% of Min of pay in pay band as per rank +GP+MSP

60% of Revised
Lt Colonel

Note:  The figures quoted are the ones which will change when the HSC order of 04 Sept 2012 is implemented in toto. As of date changes have been made as recommended by Committee of Secys of the MoD letter applicable from 24 Sept 2012 the arrears of which will be paid by PDAs hopefully in Apr 2013.

Q         When will pension arrears be paid by PCDA Pension Allahabad?
A.        Once the correct fixation has been done, CDAO Pune will fwd Last Pay Certificate (LPC) in respect of each officer to PCDA Pension Allahabad who in turn will work out the pension arrears from the time the officer retired till date. This will be remitted separately by PCDA pension through the banks. As on date no LPC has been recd by PCDA Pension.

Q.        What happens to increase in pay of officers who got promoted after 1/1/1986?
A         The minimum for each rank from Capt to Brig at IV CPC has to undergo change in terms of para 6 (a)(ii) of SAI 1987, which is very much part of the HSC judgment. Once that is done their minimum and DA admissible thereon will change through V CPC to 6 CPC eg Capt to 3000, Maj from 3400 to 4050, Lt Col from 3900 to 4700 etc. This logic equally holds good in case of officers who were in service as on 1/1/1986 and retired pre 1986.

 This is the only way by which this historical rank pay anomaly can be resolved in keeping with the directions of the HSC order dated 04 Sept 2012.

Anything short of it would be violation of HSC order and has lead to contempt proceedings.

by the kind courtesy of http://sharad10525.blogspot.in/