I love my India and want it to be the best in the world. It has the talent and capability. The state has constantly deteriorated in last six decades. The downfall is due to low quality, incompetent and corrupt leadership, unaccountable, equally corrupt bureaucracy and ineffective judiciary unable to fulfil people's aspirations resulting in unparalleled corruption and lawlessness. Drastic changes are necessary to make systems vibrant and responsive to make it an India of every Indian's dreams.
It is the practice in every calculation and transaction of the currency or any thing to round off the figure to one, by removing the decimals and also to ten, hundred and thousand so on. But in every pooja, we worship God/Goddess in 108 names which we call it as “Ashtottara”. Why not 100 a round figure? If we go deep into its significance: .
The Indian Subcontinent rosary or set of mantra counting has 108 beads. 108 has been a sacred number in the Indian Subcontinent for a very long time. This number is explained in many different ways. .
The ancient Indians were excellent mathematicians and 108 may be the product of a precise mathematical operation (e.g. 1 power 1 x 2 power 2 x 3 powers 3 = 108) which was thought to have special numerological significance.
Powers of 1, 2, and 3 in math: 1 to 1st power=1; 2 to 2nd power=4 (2x2); 3 to 3rd power=27 (3x3x3). 1x4x27=108 .
Sanskrit alphabet: There are 54 letters in the Sanskrit alphabet. Each has masculine and feminine, Siva and Sakti. 54 times 2 are 108. .
Sri Yantra: On the Sri Yantra there is marmas where three lines intersect, and there are 54 such intersections. Each intersection has masculine and feminine, Siva and Sakti qualities. 54 x 2 equals 108. Thus, there are 108 points that define the Sri yantra as well as the human body. .
9 times 12: Both of these numbers have been said to have spiritual significance in many traditions. 9 times 12 is 108. Also, 1 plus 8 equals 9. That 9 times x 12 equals 108. .
Heart Chakra: The chakras are the intersections of energy lines, and there are said to be a total of 108 energy lines converging to form the heart chakra. One of them, sushumna leads to the crown chakra, and is said to be the path to Self-realization. .
Marmas: Marmas or marmastanas are like energy intersections called chakras, except have fewer energy lines converging to form them. There are said to be 108 marmas in the subtle body. .
Time: Some say there are 108 feelings, with 36 related to the past, 36 related to the present, and 36 related to the future. .
Astrology: There are 12 constellations, and 9 arc segments called namshas or chandrakalas. 9 times 12 equal 108. Chandra is moon, and kalasa are the divisions within a whole. .
Planets and Houses: In astrology, there are 12 houses and 9 planets. 12 times 9 equal 108.
1, 0, and 8: 1 stands for God or higher Truth, 0 stands for emptiness or completeness in spiritual practice, and 8 stands for infinity or eternity .
Sun and Earth: The diameter of the sun is 108 times the diameter of the Earth .
Numerical scale: The 1 of 108, and the 8 of 108, when added together equals 9, which is the number of the numerical scale, i.e. 1, 2, 3 ... 10, etc., where 0 is not a number .
Smaller divisions: The number 108 is divided, such as in half, third, quarter, or twelfth, so that some malas have 54, 36, 27, or 9 beads .
Islam: The number 108 is used in Islam to refer to God .
Jain: In the Jain religion, 108 are the combined virtues of five categories of holy ones, including 12, 8, 36, 25, and 27 virtues respectively .
Sikh: The Sikh tradition has a mala of 108 knots tied in a string of wool, rather than beads .
Chinese: The Chinese Buddhists and Taoists use a 108 bead mala, which is called su-chu, and has three dividing beads, so the mala is divided into three parts of 36 each .
Stages of the soul: Said that Atman, the human soul or center goes through 108 stages on the journey .
Meru: This is a larger bead, not part of the 108. It is not tied in the sequence of the other beads. It is the guiding bead, the one that marks the beginning and end of the mala .
Dance: There are 108 forms of dance in the Indian traditions .
Pythagorean: The nine is the limit of all numbers, all others existing and coming from the same. i.e.: 0 to 9 is all one needs to make up an infinite amount of numbers .
There are 108 Upanishads contained in the Muktikopanishad. The same are given hereunder, in four categories according to the particular Veda to which each of them belong .